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Binocular Vision Disorder ADHD: Symptoms & Diagnosis

Sep 5, 2023

Imagine the relief of discovering that a long-standing battle with ADHD may be rooted in a binocular vision dysfunction.

The combination of binocular vision disorder and ADHD is a complex topic, and in this blog post, we will delve into the intricacies of these overlapping conditions.

We'll explore the causes and symptoms of BVD, as well as how it can mimic ADHD common symptoms. We'll also discuss the challenges faced when differentiating between ADHD and BVD due to their shared signs.

The importance of accurate diagnosis cannot be overstated – misdiagnosis risks associated with blurred vision can lead to incorrect treatment plans and further complications in daily life activities. To address this issue, we will examine the functional visual evaluation process necessary for proper differentiation between ADHD and BVD.

An effective treatment option for those suffering from BVD is prism glasses. We will cover how they work, patient experiences, and what to expect during the adjustment period.

Lastly, we will introduce you to professionals specializing in treating binocular vision disorders like Dr. Cheryl Israeloff's approach towards addressing these issues along with other notable experts in the field.

Dive into our comprehensive guide on binocular vision disorder ADHD - because understanding both conditions could make all the difference in finding an effective solution for yourself or your loved ones.

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Table of Contents

Understanding Binocular Vision Dysfunction

BVD is the result of misaligned eyes, caused by nerve or eye muscle abnormalities, stroke, concussion, inner ear injuries or neurological disorders.

Misalignment of the eyes can be caused by nerve or eye muscle abnormalities, stroke, concussion, inner ear injuries, or certain neurological disorders.

Causes of BVD

The root causes behind BVD are varied and complex. Nerve damage or issues with eye muscles may lead to misaligned eyes that struggle to focus on a single point simultaneously. Other causes of BVD include:

  • Stroke: A stroke can disrupt normal binocular vision by damaging nerves responsible for controlling eye movements.
  • Concussion: Traumatic brain injury may affect how well your eyes work together due to inflammation or swelling in the brain affecting visual processing centers.
  • Infections & Neurological Disorders: Certain infections like Lyme disease and neurological conditions like multiple sclerosis have been linked with BVD symptoms.

Symptoms associated with BVD

Beyond just double vision and headaches, there are several other signs you might be dealing with this chronic condition:

  1. Poor depth perception: Difficulty judging distances accurately while driving or playing sports.
  2. Visual discomfort when concentrating: Struggling to concentrate on tasks due to attention difficulty from constant visual discomforts.
  3. Reading difficulties: Experiencing reading difficulties, skipping lines, or losing your place frequently.
  4. Feeling unsteady on your feet: Dizziness and balance issues due to vision misalignment can make you feel wobbly when walking or standing still.

It is essential to speak with an eye doctor for assessment and diagnosis if any of these signs are present.

Note: This section is only meant as an introduction to BVD - always seek professional advice from a healthcare provider if you suspect that you have this condition.

Key Takeaway: Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD) is a condition where the eyes don't work together to create one clear image, causing symptoms like eye strain, headaches, and double vision. It can be caused by nerve or eye muscle abnormalities, stroke, concussion, inner ear injuries or certain neurological disorders. Symptoms of BVD include poor depth perception and difficulty concentrating on tasks due to visual discomforts. If you suspect that you have this condition it's essential to consult with a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Overlapping Symptoms Between ADHD and BVD: The Diagnosis Dilemma

Distinguishing between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD) is difficult due to their overlapping symptoms. Both conditions share a handful of common symptoms, making it difficult for healthcare professionals to tell them apart.

Common Overlapping Symptoms: A Venn Diagram of Confusion

The plot thickens when we realize that individuals with either ADHD or BVD may experience difficulties in reading, identifying shapes, and even exhibit poor handwriting skills. No wonder these two disorders are often mistaken for one another.

Challenges in Diagnosing ADHD vs. BVD: Unraveling the Mystery

In order to provide appropriate treatment options, it's crucial to accurately diagnose whether someone has ADHD or BVD. Many individuals remain unaware of their vision difficulties until they visit an optometrist, making diagnosis tricky.

Regular Eye Doctor Visits: Your Secret Weapon Against Misdiagnosis

A regular trip to your friendly neighborhood optometrist can be a game-changer when trying to pinpoint if you're dealing with ADHD or binocular vision dysfunction.

Brain-Based Disorder vs. Vision Misalignment:

  • ADHD: A brain-based disorder causing attention difficulty, impulsivity, and hyperactivity.
  • BVD: A vision misalignment issue where the eyes work independently instead of as a team, leading to double vision and eye strain.

By understanding these differences, you can take charge of your health and seek appropriate treatment for your specific condition.

Learn more about ADHD common symptoms that mimic vision problems here.

Prevalence of Binocular Vision Disorder Among Individuals With Learning Disabilities

Let's talk numbers.

Did you know that up to 50% of children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and other learning disabilities may have binocular vision disorders?

Studies indicate that individuals with blurry vision stemming from Binocular Vision Disorder (BVD) may be mistakenly diagnosed as having migraine, sinus headache, or vertigo. This leaves their underlying visual problem untreated and can significantly impact their quality of life.

Impact on Quality of Life

Unpleasant sensations such as head pain, vertigo, double vision and reading problems can be the result of a neglected or untreated binocular vision disorder. In turn, this affects an individual's ability to concentrate and stay focused - something people with ADHD already struggle with. When left unaddressed, these overlapping symptoms can exacerbate existing attention deficit disorders or even contribute towards developing new ones.

So, what implications can this have for those who experience ADHD? It's crucial to consider the possibility of an underlying binocular vision disorder when seeking treatment for attention and learning difficulties. Accurately assessing and intervening can dramatically enhance an individual's wellbeing.

Knowledge is power, my friends.

Functional Visual Evaluation for Diagnosis

Are you struggling with attention difficulty or learning difficulties and wondering if it's ADHD or Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD)? A functional visual evaluation by an optometrist can help determine which condition is affecting you.

Optometrists specializing in binocular vision disorders assess various aspects like eye alignment, focusing ability, and tracking skills to pinpoint any underlying issues that may be contributing to your symptoms. Unlike regular eye doctors who mainly focus on refractive errors and ocular health, these experts dive deeper into how your eyes work together.

Why Accurate Diagnosis is Important

An accurate diagnosis means better outcomes as treatments are targeted at addressing the root cause rather than just managing symptoms. Achieving clarity is crucial, and the correct diagnosis will not only provide that but also open up appropriate treatment options tailored specifically for either ADHD or BVD. No more guessing games.

During a functional visual evaluation, your optometrist will conduct a comprehensive assessment including tests for convergence insufficiency (CI), accommodative dysfunction (AD), and eye misalignment. Based on the results, they will determine if your symptoms are due to ADHD or BVD and recommend appropriate treatment options accordingly.

In a nutshell, getting an accurate diagnosis is crucial for effectively addressing either ADHD or Binocular Vision Dysfunction. So don't hesitate - schedule that functional visual evaluation with an optometrist specializing in binocular vision disorders today.

Prism Glasses - An Effective Treatment for BVD

After being diagnosed with Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD), there is hope in the form of prism glasses.

Let me break down how these magical lenses work.

How Prism Glasses Work

You see, prism glasses contain micro-prisms that bend incoming light. This ensures the light focuses on the same location on each retina. The result? Your brain receives one clear image instead of two misaligned ones.

Benefits of Using Prism Glasses for BVD

  • No more double vision: Say goodbye to those pesky overlapping images and hello to clarity.
  • Ease eye strain: With both eyes working together harmoniously, you'll experience less fatigue and discomfort throughout the day.
  • Better focus: Improved visual alignment can help alleviate attention difficulties often associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and BVD.
  • Fewer headaches: By reducing eye strain and correcting vision misalignment, many patients report fewer tension headaches or migraines.
  • Increase reading comprehension: Reading becomes easier when your eyes are aligned correctly - no more skipping lines or losing your place.

Some patients experience instant relief after using prism glasses while others may take two to three days to adjust. Either way, it's a game-changer for those with BVD.

If you suspect you have Binocular Vision Dysfunction or ADHD, consult your regular eye doctor and ask about the possibility of getting a functional visual evaluation. Accurate diagnosis is crucial in providing appropriate treatment options that address each specific condition effectively.

Don't let vision problems hold you back - explore the benefits of prism glasses today.

Notable Professionals in Binocular Vision Dysfunction Treatment

Credit must be given where it is deserved. The field of binocular vision dysfunction treatment has seen significant contributions from several professionals who have made a difference for individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and learning difficulties. Here are some noteworthy experts you should know about:

Dr. Cheryl Israeloff

A pediatric optometrist, Dr. Israeloff specializes in ocular disease management, contact lens fitting, and NeuroVisual Medicine development.

Sandy DiPonio

Sandy is an experienced certified ophthalmic technician (COVT) who works closely with patients to assess their visual needs and provide appropriate care plans.

Dr. Sally Hoey

Dr. Hoey, a developmental optometrist, focuses on treating children with vision-related learning problems through comprehensive eye exams and therapy sessions.

Dr. Jennifer Place

Jennifer is an accomplished neuro-optometric rehabilitation therapist (NORA), providing rehabilitative services to patients with vision-related learning disabilities.

Mary Jo Ference

As a vision therapist, Mary Jo works with children and adults, helping them overcome visual challenges that impact their daily lives.

Debby Feinberg

Dr. Feinberg, an optometrist specializing in low vision rehabilitation, has developed innovative techniques for diagnosing and treating binocular vision disorders among individuals with ADHD and other learning difficulties.

Their dedication and expertise have significantly improved the quality of life for countless individuals suffering from binocular vision dysfunction related to ADHD or other learning difficulties. If you suspect binocular vision disorder might be affecting your life or someone you know, don't hesitate to seek help from professionals like these.

FAQs in Relation to Binocular Vision Disorder and ADHD

Can ADHD cause BVD?

No, ADHD cannot directly cause Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD). However, there is a high prevalence of vision problems among individuals with ADHD. It's essential to differentiate between the two conditions as they share overlapping symptoms and can be misdiagnosed. Proper diagnosis and treatment are crucial for improving quality of life.

What eye condition is linked to ADHD?

Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD) has been found to have a significant overlap in symptoms with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Both conditions can lead to difficulties in reading, concentration, and maintaining focus. Accurate diagnosis by an optometrist or ophthalmologist is vital for appropriate treatment.

Can a person with ADHD lead a normal life?

Absolutely. With proper support, medication if needed, therapy such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and coping strategies like time management techniques or mindfulness practices, many people with ADHD live fulfilling lives while managing their symptoms effectively.

What is a healthy coping mechanism for ADHD?

A healthy coping mechanism for individuals with ADHD may include establishing routines, breaking tasks into smaller steps using time management strategies, practicing relaxation techniques like deep breathing exercises or meditation, engaging in regular physical activity, and seeking professional guidance from therapists or support groups when necessary.


Binocular vision disorder (BVD) is a condition that affects many adults with ADHD. Understanding the causes and symptoms of BVD can help differentiate it from ADHD, which has overlapping symptoms. Misdiagnosis due to blurred vision can lead to incorrect diagnoses and impact daily life activities.

Diagnosing and treating BVD through functional visual evaluation is crucial for accurate diagnosis. Prism glasses have been proven effective in treating BVD, but there may be an adjustment period for patients. Seeking out professionals specializing in vision-related problems, such as Dr. Cheryl Israeloff, can provide the necessary expertise for successful treatment.

Sep 5, 2023

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